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The capital city of Jharkhand state is Ranchi, also referred to as the ''city of waterfalls''. It is a city with all modern amenities, tourist attractions, shopping centres and multiplexes, industries that have provided employment opportunities, hotels and good connectivity to and from all important cities and towns in the country.
Ranchi got its present name in 1899 when its name was changed from Lohardaga to Ranchi. The name Ranchi has been derived from a village nearby called ''Archi'' which means bamboo grove. The city has the honour of being the venue of a meeting between Mahatma Gandhi and Sir Edward Albert Gait who was the Lieutenant Governor of Bihar and Orissa in 1917. They discussed about repressive measures of raiyats of the district against the Champaran Indigo planters.
Ranchi is located on the southern part of Chota nagpur plateau. Lush green forests and waterfalls had endowed it with the status of a ''hill station'' during British rule. The district enjoys a moderate climate.
The river Subarnarekha (also called Swarnerekha) originates from village Pisca near Ranchi and traverses through the districts of Ranchi, Seraikela Kharsawan and East Singbhum.
Ranchi houses a number of grand stadiums. M.S.Dhoni (Indian Cricket Captain) and Deepika Kumari (ace archer) belong to Ranchi. Mega Sports Complex in Ranchi, where 34th National Games were hosted, has stadiums for karate, fencing, volleyball, basketball, hockey, shooting, tennis etc. An International Cricket Stadium has also been constructed which will host 2013 international cricket match between India and England.
Hindi, English, Urdu and Bengali newspapers are published from Ranchi. T.V. Channels like 'Sahara Samay', 'ETV Bihar and Jharkhand' and local news channels run by cable operators such as News 11,City News, Divine News, Mahua News keep the people well informed. Ranchi Doordarshan airs its own programmes from 5 p.m. to 8 p.m. and the 24x7 musical extravaganza is provided by FM radio stations and Vividh Bharti.
Hundru falls (45 kms. from Ranchi), Johna falls, Dassam falls (34 kms. from Ranchi) and Panch Gagh falls (on Ranchi-Chakradharpur road) are some picturesque falls of this district. Other tourist attractions include Sun temple, Jagannath temple, War cemetery, Ranchi Museum, Rock garden,Birsa Munda Biological park, Nakshatra Van and Tribal Research Institute Museum.
Sarhul celebrated during spring season is the time when sal trees adorn themselves with new leaves and beautiful flowers. Other festivals celebrated by people include Karam, Jawa, Tusu Parab or Makar (harvest festival), Hal Punhya, Rohini etc. along with Deepawali, Holi and Christmas.
How to Reach Ranchi:
Birsa Munda Airport has regular flights which connect major cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Lucknow and Patna. Ranchi is on South-Eastern Railways and has direct trains to Patna, Kolkata and Delhi etc. Ranchi is situated on National Highway-23 and 33. The network of roads is quite satisfactory. Regular bus services along with deluxe private buses have made commuting comfortable for people.