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Subarnarekha River

The Subarnarekha river flows through the states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa and West Bengal. It is also known as Swarnarekha river. The name ''Subernarekha'' means ''streak of gold'' or ''golden line''. It is believed that in earlier days, gold was mined from near this river in Piska village near Ranchi.                     
Subarnarekha River or Swarnarekha River in Ranchi

The Subarnarekha river traverses long distances passing through Ranchi, Seraikela Kharsawan and East Singhbhum districts of Jharkhand. The total length of this river is 470 kms (290 miles) and its banks are high and well defined.    

The Subarnarekha river flows through Paschim Medinipur district (West Bengal) and Balasore district (Orissa) till it finally joins the Bay of Bengal near Talsari. Bhavnatha Mahadev temple of Lord Shiva is situated on the banks of Subarnarekha river. People inhabiting Chhota nagpur region have depended on this river for their water requirements. This river serves as a lifeline for them as  most of them depend on agriculture for their livelihood. Ranchi and Jamshedpur lie on the banks of Subarnarekha river.  

Tributaries and Waterfalls:

The tributaries of Subarnarekha river include Kharkai, Karru, Kanchi, Roro, Damra, Karakari, Chinguru, Garra, Gurma, Singaduba, Dulunga, Kodia and Khaijori.                                                                                                  Origin of Subarnarekha River

The river Kharkai merges with Subarnarekha river at Sonari (Domuhani) in Jamshedpur. Hundru falls is the only knickpoint waterfall in India and is created on the course of Subarnarekha river. Around 45 kms. from Ranchi, Subarnarekha river falls from a length of 322 ft. to create Hundru falls. Tourists visit this waterfall and get mesmerized by the beauty of silvery water gushing and making natural musical sound of falling water.

Subarnarekha river passes through Copper and Uranium mining areas which results in river pollution. Neighboring areas have been affected by floods many times.


Getalsud reservoir which was completed in 1971, is a multipurpose reservoir. It meets the water demand of people residing in Ranchi and nearby areas. It is 116 ft. high and houses two power houses. Another multipurpose project started in 1982-83 with the sole vision of irrigation, hydro power generation and supply of water.

The construction of Chandil dam and Galudih barrage across Subarnarekha was completed long back. Another dam has been constructed across Kharkai at Icha (near Chaibasa), two barrages at Galudih across the Subarnarekha and other across the Kharkai at Ganjia near Adityapur. This multipurpose project was started to assist the farmers of Bihar, Orissa, Jharkhand and West Bengal.

Nearby Tourist Places:

The nearby tourist places to the Subarnarekha river are:

Lord Shiva Temple:

The temple is 8 kms. from Digha and is situated at Chandaneswar (near Bengal and Orissa border).It is a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. Many people visit this temple during Ganjan Mela and Maha Vishwa Sankranti.


Also known as Baleshwar, this city is located in Orissa. It is well known for Chandipur beach. It is the site of Indian Ballistic Missile Defense Program's Integrated Test Range (18 kms. from Balasore). The DRDO (Defense Research And Development Organization) has developed many missiles --- Nag, Agni and so on to name a few.

Chandaneswar  Temple:

It is a Shiva temple located at Chandaneswar, Baleswar, Orissa. Oriya New Year, locally called ''Uda Parab'' or ''Nila Parab'' is celebrated with fun and frolic in the temple premises. Transport is available from Jaleswar (Orissa) and Digha (West Bengal).

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