Culture of Ranchi
Ranchi has a rich cultural heritage. This industrial hub is rich in minerals, forests and other natural resources. Jagannathpur temple, Sun temple, Pahari Mandir, Amreshwar Dham are some places where people throng throughout the year for puja ceremonies.
Art and craft of this region include bamboo crafts, paitkar paintings, metal work ('dokra art'), wood craft and stone carvings. Toy making thrives in areas in and around Ranchi.
The languages spoken by people include Hindi, Santhali, Maithili, Urdu and Bengali. Santhali language is spoken in places like Dumka, Godda, Pakur, Jamtara and some places in East Singhbhum and Saraikela Kharsawan. Mundari is spoken in Khunti, Gumla, Ranchi, West Singhbhum, Simdega while Ho is spoken Saraikela and West Singhbhum districts.
Mahendra Singh Dhoni, Saurav Tiwari, Ansulata Lakra, Deepika Kumari are some names to reckon with in the field of sports in Jharkhand.
The main source of livelihood of the people here is agriculture. With the establishment of small and big industries, most people have found employment in these industrial units too.
The festivals, religion and music have their origin in nature. The tribal people always sing and dance in a group. The lyrics are based on freedom struggle, fascinating folk lures and traditional beliefs of tribal people.
Festivals and fairs bring people together and it is also the time when they dance together to the beats of traditional drums. Sarhul, Karam, Jawa, Tusu Parab or Makar, Hal Punya, Bhagta Parab, Rohini, Bandna, Jani-Shikaar etc. are some festivals people of Ranchi and those living in places near this capital city enjoy and celebrate.
The delicious cuisine in Ranchi includes 'pua', thekua', litti-chokha' etc. There are around thirty-two plus tribal groups in Jharkhand state. They decorate the external walls of their houses in villages with pictures of animals, trees, Gods and mythological images. Rice, animal and bird flesh, fruits are main food of tribes.''Haria'' is a beer that they prepare from rice.
Shorea robusta (Sal) tree is an important tree which grows in this area. Other trees include mahua, tilai, gular, kusum etc. Most rituals are performed under groves of sal tree. These groves are called ''sarna'' or ''jaher'' sacred trees are planted in the courtyards and worshiped. Nature has been given lot of importance in their life and culture. Mandar nagara, dhol singha, dhamsa,tasa gupi jantra are few traditional musical instruments.
The people of Ranchi get to watch the latest movies in state-of-the-art theaters. They can also choose to watch regional movies like Santhali, Nagpuri, Oraon, Ho and Khortha films. Santhali and Nagpuri films are very popular among people. Jollywood film industry is open for experimentation and has potential for churning out entertaining and educational films.
Optimal utilization of natural resources and promotion of skill-based, environmental and pollution free industries like Information Technology, Bio-technology and tourism can bring in more revenue for this capital city of Jharkhand and its people.
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