Art and Culture in Ranchi
Traditionally Ranchi has been home to many tribal communities. These tribal communities have been responsible for developing and influencing the art and culture of Ranchi. The colorful ethnic clothes and intriguing customs of tribal people are sure to attract the tourist’s attention. Traditional dance and music is played on several occasions like festivals, weddings & community celebrations.
Religion in Ranchi
Famous Dance Forms of RanchiThe traditional dance forms of Ranchi and its surrounding areas depict warrior-like movements of battles fought in ancient times, animal and bird behavior. The dances depict different emotions like joy, sorrow & anger. The dancers convey these emotions beautifully through these dances. Some of the popular dance forms of this place are:
Chhau- The word is derived from the Sanskrit word Chhaya meaning shade, image, or mask. It is vibrant dance portraying the daily activities of the tribal folk –working in the fields, in the forests, in their homes, etc.
Santhal- It is a group dance performed by the Santhal tribes of this region, during all festivals and special occasions. The dance reflects the culture and traditions of the local tribes. Colourful costumes & body decorated with flowers are the main attractions of this dance form.
Karma- Karma is another popular folk dance of Ranchi and its nearby areas, performed in the month of August during the Karma festival. The name has been derived from a tree named Karma which symbolizes good luck and prosperity and hence is considered sacred.
Handicrafts & Paintings of RanchiRanchi & its nearby areas are rich in traditional tribal artifacts. Local artifacts made of bamboo, wood products, toys and metal craft and pottery is much appreciated & make for a good buy. The traditional ‘Paitkar’ paintings, tribal ornaments, masks and baskets and stone carvings are difficult to find in markets now-a-days, but if you enquire from the local people, they may be found.
Paitkar’ Paintings : Scroll painting or Paitkar is a specialty of the tribals, but due to lack of support it is difficult to find these days. You will be amazed to see the work of the artisans depicting various features using natural colors.
Sohrai Art: Sohrai is the art form depicting bulls, horses with riders, wild animals, trees, lotuses, peacocks, and horned deities. These images are painted using twigs & branches of trees on the walls using the most natural form of coloring, red, black, yellow and white earth. Married women mostly draw these images during festivals & harvest time.
Other Forms: Oraon Bhitichitra, Santhali Bhitichitra and Jado Patiya are the styles of paintings that can still be found today & common among tribals.
Bamboo & Wood Work in Ranchi
Due to abundance of forest area in and around Ranchi, local people use bamboo & wood to create different utility items like baskets, hunting and fishing equipment, rice huskers (used to sieve rice),etc. Wild grass called ‘sabai grass’ is dyed & woven into bowls, pen-stands, coasters and mats, colourful boxes, dolls, etc. Sal leaves are used to make plates called ‘Pattal’ which are used during wedding & festivals.Variety of tastefully decorated handicrafts with tribal motifs like
combs, bowl shaped umbrellas, finely carved door panels, wood inlay
boxes, tribal theme toys and carvings, ancient 'bird-woman' figurines
can be bought as souvenirs. A tourist can explore the weekly haat or
local bazaars in Ranchi for these traditional items.
So right from the rich culture & tradition to the beautiful picturesque locations, Ranchi has an abundance in all. Thus Ranchi, is a favorite tourist spot for the people who love to travel and explore different places of India.