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Ranchi is the capital city of Jharkhand state and is also an industrial hub. It is the centre of all political activities in the state. The recent political changes in the state have reshuffled the entire political set-up in the state.
On January 8, 2013, the BJP-JMM coalition government led by Shri Arjun Munda collapsed. JMM (Jharkhand Mukti Morcha), under the leadership of Shri Shibu Soren pulled out of alliance with BJP. President's Rule was imposed in the state. The recommendation for Central rule was made by Governor Shri Syed Ahmed when Chief Minister Arjun Munda resigned after the withdrawal of support by JMM.
The Assembly was in suspended animation as no political party or alliance came forward to form a government. Madhukar Gupta joined as adviser to Governor Shri Syed Ahmed. Former CRPF DG K. Vijay Kumar too joined office as another adviser. They monitored and discussed with the Governor as to how implementation of development projects could be expedited.
The Governor Shri Syed Ahmed invited Shri Hemant Soren to be sworn in as the 9th Chief Minister of Jharkhand on 13th July, 2013. With this new political development in the state, the 174-day President's Rule in the state came to an end.
Hemant Soren led Government won vote of confidence on floor of the house in Ranchi on 18th July, 2013. They received support from 18 MLAs of JMM, 13 from Congress, 5 from RJD and 7 independent MLAs as assured by them to the Governor.
At present, the ruling coalition government is being headed by Shri Hemant Soren as Chief Minister of Jharkhand. He is the 9th Chief Minister of Jharkhand state and was sworn in by Governor Shri Syed Ahmed on 13th July, 2013. The 174-day President's Rule in the state (since 18th January,2013) has come to an end.
Jharkhand state was founded on 15th November, 2000. No government has been able to complete 5-year term in the state from the time of its inception.
President's Rule was imposed in Jharkhand earlier too:
From 19th January, 2009 to 29th December, 2009.
From 1st June, 2010 to 11th September, 2010.
From 18th January, 2013 and is still imposed in Jharkhand (Every time the reason has been loss of majority).
Generally, other circumstances which can lead to imposition of President's Rule or Central Rule in any state are:
Breakdown of a coalition government (As has happened in Jharkhand).
Inability of State Legislatures to elect a leader as Chief Minister.
Law and order problem in the state.
Postponement of elections due to unavoidable reasons.
Who's Who in Jharkhand:
Governor: Shri Syed Ahmed Chief Justice: Shri Prakash Tatia Chief Minister: Shri Hemant Soren Chief Secretary: Shri S.K.Choudhary (I.A.S.) Director General of Police (DGP): Shri G.S.Rath Advocate General: Shri R.S.Majumdar Jharkhand Assembly Speaker: Shri C.P.Singh (Chandreshwar Prasad Singh)